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Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia
[print version]

A.Ya.Khorlin, S.D.Shiyan, V.V.Nasonov, V.A.Markin
Fluorescent derivatives of carbohydrates in structural studies of glycoconjugates. N-(4-methylcoumarine-7-yl) glycamines in studying asparagine-linked carbohydrate chains of glycoproteins. [Article in Russian]
Bioorgan. Khim., 13 (9), pp. 1266 - 1274, (1987)

4-(N-Methylcoumarin-7-yl) glycamines were employed in studying asparagine-linked carbohydrate chains of acid desialylated fetuin. The procedure was optimised for the reductive amination of oligosaccharides with 7-amino-4-methylcoumarin in the presence of Na(CN)BH3 to lead to oligosaccharide glycamines (AMC-OS). AMC-OS were obtained from dextran oligosaccharides and from oligosaccharides released by hydrazinolysis of asparagine-linked sugar chains of asialofetuin. Reverse-phase HPLC and exclusion HPLC with fluorimetric quantitation of AMC-OS is described. TSK Gel 2000 SW column was calibrated using dextran AMC-OS to give linear relationship ln Ni = k(ti/tr)+b, where ti/tr is retention time of the AMC-OS relatively to the reference AMC-trisaccharide, and Ni is calibration unit value, characterizing molecular size of AMC-OS. Three AMC-OS, Gal3GlcNAc3Man3GlcNAc2-AMC (I) and (II), and Gal2GlcNAc3Man3GlcNAc2AMC (III), were obtained from asialofetuin in a molar ration of 1:1.8:0.1. Acid treatment of AMK-OS (II) in desialylation conditions also gave AMC-OS (III), thus suggesting a partial degalactosylation of the glycoprotein sugar chains during the desialylation. Consequent digestion of AMC-OS (II) and (III) with Jack bean β-galactosidase and β-N-acetylhexosaminidase led to the same AMC-OS, Man3GlcNAc2AMC. The final digestion product of AMC-OS (I) was GalGlcNAcMan3GlcNAc2AMC, suggesting a structural difference in one of the antennas of the minor sugar chain of asialofetuin. The monosaccharide quantitation and exoglycosidase sequencing were carried out at a 100 pmole level.

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